Useful Information about Mosquitos

ABOUT MOSQUITOS

  • Mosquitos can lay around 100-300 eggs each time. The females lay eggs about every three days during that time.
  • The average lifespan of mosquito is less than two months. Males have the shortest lives, usually 10 days or less, and females can live about six to eight weeks, under ideal conditions. Females of species that hibernate may live up to six months.
  • There are around 3,500+ species of mosquitoes.
  • Only female mosquitoes bite people. Both male and female feed mainly on fruit and plant nectar, but the female also needs the protein in blood to help her eggs develop. Once she’s had her fill of blood, she’ll rest a couple of days before laying her eggs
  • Mosquitoes don’t have teeth. The females “bite” with a long, pointed mouthpart called a proboscis. They use the serrated proboscis to pierce the skin and locate a capillary, then draw blood through one of two tubes.
  • A mosquito can drink up to three times of its weight in blood
  • Male mosquitoes locate females by the sound of their wings. Females can beat their wings up to 500 times per second, and the males pick out the higher frequency of those beats when seeking a mate.
  • Most mosquitoes can fly not more than about 1 to 4 Kilometers, and often stay within several hundred feet of where they were hatched.
  • Mosquitoes can smell human breath.
  • Dark clothing attracts mosquitoes.
  • Mosquitoes spend their first 10 days in water
  • Sweat helps mosquitoes choose their victims. Our skin produces more than 340 chemical odors, and some of them smell like dinner to mosquitoes. They are fond of octenol, a chemical released in sweat, as well as cholesterol, folic acid, certain bacteria, skin lotions, and perfume.
  • Human Body heat marks the target. Mosquitoes use heat sensors around their mouthparts to detect the warmth of your body, then land on you and locate the best capillaries for tapping. Mosquitoes feed day and night. Some species, like the Aedes are daytime biters, while others, like Culex, start biting at dusk and continue a few hours into dark.
  • Mosquitoes have been around since the Jurassic period. That makes them about 210 million years old. They’ve been mentioned throughout history
  • The bumps from mosquito bites are caused by saliva. While one tube in the proboscis draws blood, a second pumps in saliva containing a mild painkiller and an anti-coagulant. Most people have minor allergic reactions to the saliva, causing the area around the bite to swell and itch.
  • Malaria is caused by a parasite that lives in mosquitoes. The parasite gets into mosquito saliva and is passed on when the insect bites someone. West Nile and other viruses are passed the same way. Mosquitoes can also carry and pass on canine heartworm.
  • Mosquitoes do not transmit HIV. The virus that causes AIDS does not replicate in mosquitoes and is actually digested in their stomachs, so it’s broken down without being passed on.
  • Mosquitoes are considered the deadliest “animal” in the world. The Anopheles mosquito, in particular, is dangerous because it transmits malaria, which kills more than 10 lakh people every year. Alexander the Great is believed to have died of malaria in 323 B.C.
  • Garlic produce a skin odour that is supposed to naturally repel mosquitoes. But, Garlic can cause bad odour on us.
  • Over one million people die from malaria each year, mostly children under five years of age. An estimated 300-600 million people suffer from malaria each year. More than 40 percent of the world’s population lives in malaria-risk areas.
  • Malaria is especially dangerous for pregnant women as the parasite can pass into the mother’s womb and infect the foetus as well
  • Even after you are cured of the disease, there is an increased risk that malaria can reoccur.
  • The main ingredient in all antimalarial drugs is a plant extract from a plant called Qinghaosu that produces chloroquine.
  • Mosquitoes can detect carbon dioxide from over 70 feet away

MOSQUITO REPELLENTS

Coil
Regular use of Mosquito Coil may increase the chance of lung cancer.
Igniting Mosquito Coils may ignite fire in the building resulting in major fire accident.
The hazardous chemicals used in mosquito coil can cause wide range of health issues.
The chemical “formaldehyde” relased from burning one coil can be compared to buring 51 cigarettes.

Reference http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241646/
Reference http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/are-mosquito-repellents-safe/article1806691.ece
Reference http://www.babycenter.in/x1050386/are-mosquito-coils-or-plug-in-repellents-safe-to-use-for-my-baby

Cream
Many people are allergic to mosquito repellents.
Repellent applied to the areas of skin, results in high usage of chemical upon body.
Accidently children might allow the cream to enter eyes or mouth.

SPRAY
Most of the people dislike the smell of the spray.
Spray’s usually cause suffocation.
Spray might deposit on cloths, vessels, bottles which is harmful to human

Liquidators
Now a days, most of the mosquitos are resistent to Liquidators available in market, hence having less effect in repelling mosquitos.
Liquidators has to be swithed on all the time to repel mosquitos, resulting in high inhaling of chemicals.
Liquidators cause headache to many people when used regularly.
Liquidators may not work during power outage.

MOSQUITO CONTROL TIPS

  • Install mosquito net windows and mosquito net doors to avoid mosquitos entering the house.
    Use our foldable mosquito bed nets to ensure 100% protection from mosquitoes during sleep.
    Remove empty containers.
    Cut the grass and trim the bushes.
    Check the rain water harvesting pits to avoid stagnent water.
    Remove old tires, buckets, tin cans, glass jars, broken toys and other water catching devices.
    Grow 3-feet-high nochi saplings.
  • How to kill mosquito population? The best method is to ensure that you do not have any stagnant pool of water around. Even a 1 inch thick water pool is sufficient for mosquitoes to breed. Some of the areas that we often ignore checking are within our own home, such as – the refrigerator’s defrost tray, the air conditioner whose drain hole is clogged, the saucer on which we put flower pots to collect water, flower vases, vases for money plants, etc.
  • The mosquiotos can breed from Overhead tanks, Wells, Tap Pits, Barrels
  • Nochi is a natural repellent. Nochi can be gown as an indoor plant as well. When a mosquito sits on the leaves of this plant, it becomes sterile. So, gradually the population of the vector can be curbed. It is also believed that the odour of its leaves is allergic to the insect
  • Always close the door and windows after 4:30 PM. Its the time when lot of mosquitos enter the house in search of blood

MOSQUITO CAUSING DISEASES

West Nile virus

A viral infection carried in the blood of birds. Culex mosquitoes pick it by feeding on infected birds, then, after it spreads through their systems, pass it to humans through their saliva during feeding. West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae.

In the most severe cases, the infection can lead to convulsions, coma and death. Even if a severely infected person survives, there is a good chance of permanent neurological damage.

There is no specific treatment of West Nile virus. West Nile Virus is usually diagnosed with IgM ELISA method.

However, only one in 150 people infected with West Nile virus experience severe symptoms. People over 50 are most at risk. About 80 percent of those infected show no symptoms at all.

Researchers believe that people who are infected once develop a natural immunity to West Nile virus that will last the remainder of their lives.

Malaria
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans.

The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by using mosquito nets

There is no preventive vaccine for malaria.

Malaria might cause headache, fever, shivering, joint pain, vomiting, hemolytic anemia, jaundice, hemoglobin in the urine, retinal damage, and convulsions.

In humans, malaria is caused by mosquitoes like P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax and P. knowlesi.

The disease is transmitted most commonly by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The World Health Organization reports there were 198 million cases of malaria worldwide.

Malaria is usually confirmed by the microscopic examination of blood films or by antigen-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDT)

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes.The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by using mosquito nets.There is no preventive vaccine for Dengue. Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an “Aedes” mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood.

Dengue fever is caused by a type of virus called a flavivirus, which is transmitted by infected female Aedes mosquitoes. You can catch the virus if you get bitten by an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite an infected person and are able to pass on the virus for the rest of their life. Dengue can affect anyone but tends to be more severe in people with compromised immune systems.

Symptoms include severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash. The presence of fever, rash, and headache.

“IgM-ELISA” and “NS1 antigen detection” methods are commonly used to detect dengue as early as 3 to 7 days.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus. Chikungunya is generally transmitted from mosquitoes to humans. The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by using mosquito nets.The fever usually lasts two to seven days, while accompanying joint pains typically last weeks or months but sometimes years. The virus is passed to humans by two species of mosquito of the genus Aedes: A. albopictus and A. aegypti.

Characteristic symptoms include sudden onset with high fever, joint pain, and rash. Other symptoms may occur, including headache, fatigue, digestive complaints, and conjunctivitis. Chikungunya is usaully diagnosed by RT-PCR, or serological diagnosis.

No approved vaccine exists, the most effective means of prevention are protection against contact with the disease-carrying mosquitoes and controlling mosquito populations by limiting their habitat.

BENEFITS OF MOSQUITO NETS

1. To save children, elderly people and youth by providing quality solutions related to mosquito nets in chennai.
2. To guard the whole chennai from chronic disease caused by mosquitos, by providing various solutions related to mosquito nets in chennai.
3. To ensure everyone has pleasant sleep and comfort living throughout day and night.
4. Our mantra is “Customer is our King”, so we will ensure 100% customer satisfaction. We integrate honesty, integrity and business ethics into all aspects of our business functioning.

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